Stem cell is an undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism which is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells of the same type, and from which certain other kinds of cell arise by differentiation.
Stem-cell therapy is the use of stem cells to treat or prevent a disease or condition. Bone marrow transplant is the most widely used stem-cell therapy, but some therapies derived from umbilical cord blood are also in use.
Stem cells, directed to differentiate into specific cell types, offer the possibility of a renewable source of replacement cells and tissues to treat diseases including spinal cord injury, stroke, burns, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Do you utilize patient’s own stem cells for the healing process of injured or degenerated joints?
Yes, the human body is made of billions of specialized cells that form specific organs like the brain, skin, muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, and bone. Each day these cells go through a degenerative and regenerative process.
As older cells die, new cells are born from stem cells with the unique capability of being able to create multiple types of other cells. But, when tissues are injured, the degenerative process exceeds this regenerative process, resulting in structures that become weaker, painful and less functional.
While there are several types of stem cells, those that are best at promoting musculoskeletal healing (tendon, ligament, cartilage and bone) are found in bone marrow. These mesenchymal stem cells, or MSCs, are essential for desired results, as it is capable of yielding much higher concentrations of these important cells.
Explain the Mechanism of Stem Cell Therapy.
The human body keeps a supply of stem cells available to help repair injured and degenerated tissues at all times, making it fairly simple to retrieve them for therapeutic purposes. Stem cells remain in reserve, in the marrow cavity of bones.
The procedure is done under ultrasound or x-ray precision and guidance. A special needle is inserted into the bone to withdraw marrow blood, which contains the stem cells. This harvesting procedure is not considered difficult as it is not painful.
After bone marrow blood is drawn, it is taken to our laboratory and centrifuged to concentrate and purify the stem cells while other cells that are not needed are removed, leaving a concentrated sample of stem cells used to help heal your injury.
The entire process is done by hand to enable customized designing of the stem cell specimen for your particular injury.
A preparation of concentrated platelets is also gathered at this time for injection into the injury site to release growth factors that triggers the stem cells that will later be injected. These platelets are injected again 3-5 days later to keep the stem cells activated and promote additional healing.
What are the Benefits of Stem Cell Therapy?
These non-surgical stem cell injection procedures happen within a single day and may offer a viable alternative for those who are facing surgery or even joint replacement. Patients are typically able to return to normal activity following the procedure and are able to avoid the painful and lengthy rehabilitation periods that are typically required to help restore strength, mobility and range-of-motion following invasive joint surgeries.
Most importantly, patients are far less vulnerable to the risks of surgeries, such as infection and blood clots.
Am I a candidate of this therapy?
If you are suffering from a joint injury or degenerative condition such as osteoarthritis, you may be a good candidate for a stem cell procedure. But before considering this option please make sure you have been unresponsive to conventional pain treatments like medications, physical therapies and rehabilitation.