Discs are present between the vertebrae (bones) of the spinal column. There function is to protect the vertebrae from shocks developed during regular activities like walking, running or lifting things. Each disc has two parts- the inner one, which has a palpable gelatinous substance and the outer one, the ring which covers the inner portion.
Due to some injury or physical weakness the inner portion of the disc starts protruding through the outer ring. Slip disc or prolapsed disc occurs when any of these discs is damaged and starts pressing the nerve root around the vertebrae.
This may result in numbness, discomfort or unbearable pain in the spinal cord and adjacent areas.
- Muscular weakness
- Discomfort in being in one position for an extended period of time
- Pain and numbness in the lower back
- Pain and numbness sometimes on one side of the body
- Irritation in switching postures during sitting and sleeping
- Pain in walking even in short distances
- Burning sensation in the affected area
The treatment of slip disc begins with proper exercise, physiotherapy and adequate life style changes. Narcotics, muscle relaxants and other medications are also the other options. In advanced cases surgeries like laminectomy and microdisketomy and other invasive methods are also suggested.