Percutaneous Endoscopic Discectomy

Percutaneous Endoscopic Discectomy (PED) is a minimally invasive spine surgery technique that utilizes an endoscope to treat herniated, protruded, extruded, or degenerative discs that are a contributing factor to leg and back pain.

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This technique has quicker recovery time, earlier rehabilitation, and avoidance of general anesthesia. An excellent visualization via the endoscope permits to selectively remove a portion of the herniated nucleus pulposus that is contributing to the patients’ leg and back pain.

How is it performed?

A small flexible tube called cannula is inserted into a body cavity for draining off fluid and introducing medication.


The working cannula is placed at the border of the disc. The disc space is opened and the herniated inner core of the vertebral disc (nucleus pulposus) is removed under endoscopic control. The procedure is performed in local anesthesia.


PED has emerged as a better technique over conventional methods. In 95% cases it has shown progressive results and immediate pain relief. It provides direct access to herniated disc with a sparing local anesthesia and small incision. Once done it has better rehabilitation with faster return to everyday life.

How do I know PED is for me?

Percutaneous Endoscopic Discectomy a good option for the patients with low pain threshold and those not responding well to conservative treatments like pain killers and anti inflammatory drugs. PED is indicated for all levels of slip disc. Prolapsed and isolated discs can be safely treated with this technique. It is also suitable for elderly patients, patients with cardiovascular problems, pregnant patients, and patients who are fearful of surgery and general anesthesia.