Fibromyalgia is a medical abnormality characterized with hypersensitivity, fatigue and unreasonable pain in human body. Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a combination of various psychological, environmental and (in few cases) genetic factors. Sleep disturbance, difficulty in swallowing, hypersensitivity in pressure points, irregular bowel conditions are the few symptoms.
Fibromyalgia is mainly associated with pain. This syndrome usually minimizes the pain bearing capacity in patients thereby triggering hypersensitivity towards pain. As a result unidentified pain (pain without any injury or weakness) is developed around shoulders, limbs, crown area and stomach.
Percentage of fibromyalgia is more in women as to men. Depression, anxiety and post traumatic conditions elevate the chances of fibromyalgia in patients. Though the precise factors for FMS are yet to be studied, but various hypotheses establish central sensitization as on reason behind this disease.
- Low pain threshold
- Depression and anxiety
- Irritable bowel and bladder conditions
- Post trauma syndrome
- Paresthesia (abnormal skin sensations like tingling, burning, itching or burning)
- Chronic acidity
- Muscular spasms
- Impaired concentration
- Frequent mood swings
Fibromyalgia is a disease treated simultaneously with medications, counseling and behavioral therapies. Opioids, muscle relaxants, anti-seizures and anti-depressants have been found efficient in patients with FMS. Acupuncture, exercises, meditation and other relaxing techniques also help.